The hypothalamus is the largest and most ventral division of the diencephalon. It's name means "below the thalamus" however this anatomical position applies only to the rostral regions as the more caudal areas are actually below the mesencephalic tegmentum. The hypothalamus arises near the end of the segmentation period (Kimmel et al, 2005) and it gives rise the tuberal nuclei, the inferior hypothalamic lobes and the neurohypophysis of the adult (Meek and Nieuwenhuys, 1998). The hypothalamus is the master regulator of endocrine and autonomic function within the brain (Mathieu et al, 2002).


is part of:

has parts:


OLS Tree Diagram

Transgenic lines that label this brain region

Antibodies that label this brain region

Key Publications