The hypothalamus is the largest and most ventral division of the diencephalon. It's name means "below the thalamus" however this anatomical position applies only to the rostral regions as the more caudal areas are actually below the mesencephalic tegmentum. The hypothalamus arises near the end of the segmentation period (Kimmel et al, 2005) and it gives rise the tuberal nuclei, the inferior hypothalamic lobes and the neurohypophysis of the adult (Meek and Nieuwenhuys, 1998). The hypothalamus is the master regulator of endocrine and autonomic function within the brain (Mathieu et al, 2002).
Subdivisions of the hypothalamus in larval zebrafish. Schematics based on the 3D anatomical segmentation by the ZBB.
is part of: diencephalon
has parts: dorsal hypothalamic zone, intermediate hypothalamus, medial tuberal portion
Transgenic lines that label this brain region
Antibodies that label this brain region